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Internet Safety Complete Guide (Part II)

November 16, 2018, No Comments

A vast majority of people has access to the Internet and uses it to satisfy their various needs, such as studying, playing, socializing or entertainment. Some people don’t have a proper understanding of the way the Internet operates or the safety measures they need to take to protect themselves and their identity. On the good side, there are ways through which online browsing can become a secure process, allowing people to enter the digital world with no risks.

General Awareness Tips

When using the Internet, people often happen to stumble upon fake news. Fake information is distributed through various websites, while people who come across it and believe it spread the word. This is how misinformation gains ground.

Because of the above, people should be educated in digital media literacy. Making literacy a priority should help build awareness regarding false information. Moreover, people will learn that conducting some research before believing the first news provider they find online is the proper approach.


Cybersecurity, Online Transactions, and Safety

Types of Risks

In order to pay online, people have to provide personal information. When unscrupulous people are ready to do anything to obtain any important bit of data, Internet users can become cyber-attack victims.

Online transactions are at risk of phishing attacks and denial of service. For example, attackers could send emails with infected files, and people would be asked to provide personal data to get rid of the threat. Another common method is sending fake emails that appear legitimate and ask users for personal information.

Identity Theft

Some individuals may be the victims of identity theft, which means that someone looks to gain a financial advantage at someone’s expense by using their personal information. As a consequence, the actual person may have their image tarnished, especially if they are found responsible for improper deeds. In other words, identity theft happens when someone uses a person’s private data without permission for the purpose of committing criminal acts.

Data Breach/Loss

A data breach takes place when there’s an unintentional release of private information to a dangerous environment. Therefore, this information will be copied, viewed, transmitted, used or stolen by an untrusted source.

Some Interesting Hacking Facts

  • The term “hacker” was initially positive, and described someone who was into computer programming.
  • “MyDoom” was the most expensive virus. It was sent by email and allowed hackers to control systems and conduct DDoS attacks.
  • Social media is a prime target for hackers because of the large number of people who use these types of platforms.
  • The average time to learn of a criminal or malicious attack is around 170 days.

Online Shopping and Safety

Considering the fact that there are so many untrustworthy resources on the Internet, security is extremely important while online shopping. Nobody should take security for granted. It’s essential to shop only on trusted websites. Thus, check out the business first, and create strong passwords for safety. Moreover, it’s important to stay away from email scams that make special offers, and not to provide a lot of private information.


How to Secure Yourself – Tips

There are various ways in which people can stay secure in the digital world. First, an antivirus must be installed and updated before your computer is actually infected.

Using unique passwords is also essential because if a hacker gains access to one account, they won’t be able to access your other accounts. Using passcodes could prevent someone else from logging into your account and gaining access to your data.

In addition, personal information such as the social security number or other sensitive details shouldn’t be disclosed online. Also, only shop on websites with “https” in the URL instead of “http”, as the former are far more secure.


How to Deal with the Problems and Get Help

When a cyber attack occurs, it’s essential to take measures against it. Scanning the computer for viruses could detect any dangerous software that could be infecting it.

Fully restoring the computer may also be necessary to escape the threat. Moreover, contacting an expert is recommended if there is still suspicious activity, as well as contacting the authorities in case of something serious such as identity theft.


Students and Internet Safety

Social Media

Students use social media a lot and may not always be aware of the risks. As such, they should be careful of the information they choose to share online. After all, the Internet is a public record, and the information is spread easily.

They should be cautious of strangers, evaluate their account settings and always check the privacy policies, as they tend to change.

Online Financial Transactions

Students should always remember to shop only from trusted online shops and protect their personal information. They must not trust suspicious emails or instant messages, as they could be at risk of being hacked.

Moreover, they should always log out of bank, credit card and merchant sites once a transaction is completed.

Fraud

Fraud is growing increasingly more common on the Internet. It appears in many forms, such as email spam, online scams, charity fraud, gambling fraud, Internet ticket fraud, and many others.

Students should be aware of every danger of the online world, thus preventing any money loss.

Online Lenders

Students now have access to student loans through various Internet platforms. Although there are some reputable ones out there, new platforms are emerging all the time. Therefore, students need to be careful and compare them. Not all of them are trustworthy, and many could become victims of a student loan scam that could lead to a lot of debt. This is why online lenders should be chosen very carefully.


Seniors and Internet Safety

According to a study conducted in 2016, the highest number of online scam victims is recorded among the elderly. Sadly, most fall victim to these scams because they are naive, lonely and willing to listen to others. Seniors are more likely to trust certain offers because of the so-called benefits.

The Most Common Types of Online Risks and Fraud Seniors Fall Victims to

  • Anti-aging Products – Scammers advertise anti-aging products that could be harmful or useless.
  • Investments – Scammers pose as financial advisors to get access to funds.
  • Insurance – Seniors are asked for their personal information by scammers posing as insurance agency representatives, then use it for fraudulent purposes.

How to Stay Safe

Seniors should be taught to use trusted Wi-Fi sources, research a website before trusting it, not give personal information away and keep their antivirus up to date. They should also use strong passwords to avoid hackers and use a password manager to keep track of all of them.

Where to Complain

Seniors who have fallen victims to online scammers should seek the authorities’ help, so they can track the wrong-doers, resolve the issue and prevent further consequences.


Traveling and Online Safety

Public Wi-Fi Tips and Tricks

  • Be aware of Wi-Fi network names that are similar to your Hackers use this method to trick people into connecting and getting their info, so get some help from an employee to find out the correct network.
  • Don’t enter any private information while using public Wi-Fi.
  • Disable your Wi-Fi connection from automatically connecting to public networks.
  • Close the apps you’re not using, as they automatically go online when there’s an Internet This way, hackers will have fewer opportunities to strike.

Airport Cheat-Codes

Because unsecured Wi-Fi networks are suspicious, there is a way to obtain access to secured Wi-Fi networks. Anil Polat created a map of free Internet and Wi-Fi passwords at worldwide airports.

Not only can it be used to get access to Wi-Fi, but passwords can also be rated by browsers. The app is available offline, so people can easily gain access passwords without connecting to another source.

Mobile Internet in Different Countries

When you’re in a different country, it’s essential to be careful with the connection you’re using, and it’s recommended not to log into financial sites using an untrusted Wi-Fi network.

Minimizing location sharing is also recommended, so criminals don’t know your every move. Moreover, it’s important to disable Bluetooth connectivity, because criminals could hack into your device.

Surveillance in Some Countries

There are certain countries that limit the citizens’ access to the Internet. Thus, travelers should know in advance that they can’t go online if they need help with something.

Moreover, in some countries, the government can track people’s activity online. Therefore, travelers should be aware of this before traveling to a certain place that may use surveillance.

Internet Safety Complete Guide (Part I)


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